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Re: pf(4) schemantics

On Wednesday, Mar 19, 2003, at 15:19 US/Pacific, Srebrenko Sehic wrote:

block in all
block out all

## allow traffic on $ext_if to $webserver on 80/tcp and 443/tcp
pass in on $ext_if proto tcp from any to $webserver port {80, 443} \
	keep state

This would not work. Why? We need to pass out on $ext_if as well (since
pf(4) filters on both directions).

In this specific case, the "keep state" option will allow traffic back out on $ext_if, from $webserver, provided it is related to the original tcp port {80, 443} traffic that triggered it. You do not need any other "pass out on $ext_if" rules for $webserver for this purpose.

Are you unsure what "stateful" behavior is?